Knee & Hip Replacement

Knee & Hip Joint Replacements

Knee & Hip joint replacements are surgeries to replace all or part of the knee or hip joint with a man-made (artificial) joint. The artificial joint is called a prosthesis.

Why are Joint replacements Performed?

The most common reason to have a joint replaced is to relieve severe arthritic pain. Your doctor may recommend joint replacement if:

  • You’re having symptoms, such as:
    • You can’t sleep through the night because of the pain
    • Your pain limits or keeps you from doing normal activities, such as bathing, preparing meals, and household chores
    • You can’t walk and take care of yourself
  • Your knee or hip has not improved with other treatments
  • You understand what surgery and recovery will be like

Other reasons for replacing the hip joint are:
  • Fractures in the thigh bone. Older adults often have a hip replacement for this reason.
  • Hip joint tumors

Both knee and hip joint replacements are usually done in people age 60 and older. Younger people who have a knee and hip replaced may put extra stress on the artificial joint. That extra stress can cause it to wear out. Part or all of the joint may need to be replaced again if that happens.

Sports Injury

Exercising is good for you, but sometimes you can injure yourself. Accidents, poor training practices or improper gear can cause these injuries. Not warming up or stretching enough can also lead to these injuries.

The most common sports injuries are :
  • Sprains and strains
  • Knee injuries
  • Swollen muscles
  • Achilles tendon injuries
  • Pain along the shin bone
  • Fractures
  • Dislocations

If you get hurt, stop playing. Continuing to play or exercise can cause more harm. Treatment often begins with the RICE (Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation) method to relieve pain, reduce swelling and speed healing.

Other possible treatments include pain relievers, keeping the injured area from moving, rehabilitation and sometimes surgery such as:

  • Ligamentous reconstructive surgery
  • Meniscus cartilage surgery

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